Το 1935, η Skoda κατασκεύασε το 935 Dynamic, ένα αεροδυναμικό πρωτότυπο που σήμερα, μετά από 3 χρόνια αναπαλαίωσης, το παρουσίασε στο περιθώριο του event Schloss Bensberg Classics στη Γερμανία.
Το 935 Dynamic πρωτοπαρουσιάστηκε στην έκθεση της Πράγας τον Απρίλιο του 1935, με κύριο γνώρισμά του τον εξαιρετικά χαμηλό αεροδυναμικό συντελεστή οπισθέλκουσας, αλλά και το μικρό του βάρος, χάρη στον συνδυασμό χάλυβα και αλουμινίου στο σώμα, με τους Τσέχους να χρησιμοποιούν το πρωτότυπο για τις ανάγκες του τμήματος έρευνας και ανάπτυξης. Από το 1939 και μετά, το αυτοκίνητο αποσύρθηκε και έμεινε στη συλλογή της Τσεχικής αυτοκινητοβιομηχανίας για σχεδόν 30 χρόνια, όπου το 1968, το αγόρασε το νεοσύστατο τότε μουσείο της Skoda.
Ο επίπεδος μπόξερ κινητήρας του είναι υδρόψυκτος τετρακύλινδρος χωρητικότητας 2.0-λίτρων (1.995 κ.εκ για την ακρίβεια), απόδοσης 55 ίππων και βρίσκεται τοποθετήμενος κάτω από τον πίσω άξονα. Το 4,86 μέτρων αυτοκίνητο, ζυγίζει 1.170 κιλά και χάρη στην αεροδυναμική του, είναι σε θέση να έχει τελική ταχύτητα της τάξεως των 140 χλμ/ώρα, εντυπωσιακό νούμερο για το 1935. Έχει ύψος 1,68 μέτρα, πλάτος 1,54 μέτρα, μεταξόνιο 3,2 μέτρα, μπροστά μετατρόχιο 1,25 μέτρα, πίσω μετατρόχιο 1,3 μέτρα και μπορεί να μεταφέρει πέντε επιβάτες.
Η αναπαλαίωση του ξεκίνησε το 2012 με τους μηχανικούς της Skoda να έχουν δύσκολο έργο. Χρειάστηκαν περισσότερα από 3 χρόνια ώστε το Skoda 935 να αποκατασταθεί πλήρως, όχι συμπτωματικά, 80 χρόνια μετά τη παρουσίαση του στην έκθεση της Πράγας.
Streamlined design from the 30s: ŠKODA 935 Dynamic at the Bensberg Classics
- Style icon: ŠKODA classic with unique streamline design
- Rebirth: 80 years after its world premiere, the ŠKODA 935 Dynamic is to be presented at the Bensberg Classics
- History: Streamlined ŠKODA illustrates Czech designers’ sense of style and technical expertise
- Modern: Optimised aerodynamics and weight reduction in the 30s
Mladá Boleslav, 14 July 2015 – Exactly 80 years after its dazzling world premiere at the Prague Motor Show in 1935, the unique ŠKODA 935 Dynamic celebrates its return to the exclusive circle of automotive legends with a streamlined body following extensive reconstruction work. The rarity from the Czech Republic is one of the stars at this year’s Bensberg Classics. This is where the ŠKODA 935 Dynamic will be demonstrating the expertise in design and construction of the car manufacturer from Mladá Boleslav.
In the 1930s, ŠKODA was one of the pioneers in the field of optimizing automotive aerodynamics. One of the fundamental results from this development was the construction of this unique streamlined concept vehicle with additional technical and design innovations. In April 1935, the ŠKODA 935 Dynamic also caused quite a stir at the Prague Motor Show due to its low drag coefficient.
“The ŠKODA 935 Dynamic is a true gem of our brand,” says Michal Velebný, coordinator of the restoration workshop at the ŠKODA Museum. “Given the excellent condition and the completeness of the vehicle, we have been able to faithfully restore one of the highlights of our automotive tradition – including the original colour.”
The ŠKODA 935 Dynamic had a significant influence on the automotive development of its time, and the model represents the design and engineering experimentation of the 1930s. The streamlined body with an elongated rear section was a hallmark feature of fashionable vehicle design. ŠKODA’s developers managed to keep the weight low using a combination of aluminium and steel in the vehicle structure. The placement of the engine was innovative, being positioned under the driven rear axle. The drivetrain consists of a flat, water-cooled four-cylinder boxer engine with a displacement of 1,995 cm3 and an output of 40 kW (55 hp).
The ŠKODA 935 Dynamic is the world’s only surviving example of its type, and has had an eventful history. Immediately after the exhibition, the vehicle went on to serve in research and development. From 1939, it remained part of a private collection for almost 30 years. In 1968, the car was acquired by the newly founded ŠKODA Museum where it was one of the first ten vehicles to join what was a small collection at the time. ŠKODA began restoring the ŠKODA 935 Dynamic to its former glory in 2012.
At this year’s ‘Schloss Bensberg Classics’ (18 and 19 July), ŠKODA will be presenting nine vintage cars: Laurin & Klement Voiturette A (1905), Laurin & Klement Type S (1911), Laurin & Klement 110 (1925), ŠKODA 645 (1930), ŠKODA 935 Dynamic (1935), ŠKODA Rapid Cabrio de Luxe (1937), ŠKODA Superb OHV (1939), ŠKODA Felicia (1961) and the ŠKODA 1100 MBX (1969).
ŠKODA AUTO will be celebrating the company’s 120th anniversary this year, making the brand one of the longest established vehicle producers in the world. The roots of the company lie in 1895. 120 years ago, Václav Laurin and Václav Klement founded a bicycle-production company together (L&K) in Mladá Boleslav, Bohemia. Automobile manufacture began in 1905: L&K’s first car was the ‘Voiturette A’. What Laurin and Klement began in 1895 has since grown into an internationally successful volume manufacturer with 7 model series and over 40 model versions.
Real rarities: Nine outstanding ŠKODA classics at the ‘Schloss Bensberg Classics’
- Exhibition: ŠKODA presented nine unique gems of the vintage car scene
- Iconic design: faithfully restored streamlined prototype ŠKODA 935 on show 80 years after its spectacular world premiere in Bensberg
- Special ŠKODA exhibition to mark company’s 120-year anniversary
Mladá Boleslav, 20 July 2015 – ŠKODA AUTO presented nine outstanding classic cars from the company’s 120-year history at the seventh ‘Schloss Bensberg Classics’. One highlight of ŠKODA’s appearance was the special exhibition to commemorate 120 years of ŠKODA, where six of the brand’s pre-war vehicles never before seen were put on show. The unique, streamlined prototype ŠKODA 935 – a design icon of the 1930s – also made an appearance. The ‘Schloss Bensberg Classics’, supported by the Volkswagen Group, took place from 17 to 19 July in Bergisch Gladbach near Cologne, Germany.
ŠKODA has participated in the ‘Schloss Bensberg Classics’ since the first year of the event. The baroque castle Schloss Bensberg and the picturesque countryside surrounding Cologne form the magnificent setting for one of the most prestigious events for classic cars. Exclusivity and the highest quality are the focus of the event, held under the motto ‘Very Important Cars Only’.
And the vehicles ŠKODA presented certainly lived up to this claim. Six classics from the brand’s pre-war era served as a special exhibition to mark 120 years of ŠKODA. Three vehicles started in the one-day ‘Rallye Historique’ on Saturday. “In keeping with the event’s motto, we selected nine ‘Very Important Cars’. Fantastic cars that we had never before shown to the public,” said Andrea Frydlová, Director of the ŠKODA Museum.
One true highlight of ŠKODA’s special exhibition was the streamlined prototypeŠKODA 935 dating back to 1935. The concept vehicle, which was faithfully restored by ŠKODA, is the world’s only surviving example, and had not been seen by the public since October 1935. The now road-worthy ŠKODA 935 is representative of pioneering vehicle design in the 1930s, and in its time, served ŠKODA as an innovator in terms of aerodynamics, weight and drive technology.
The streamlined concept vehicle was first introduced in October 1935 at the Motor Show in Prague. At that time, ŠKODA was one of the pioneers in optimizing aerodynamics in car construction. With its low drag coefficient (Cd value) and bionic shape, the ŠKODA 935 proved the brand’s expertise in aerodynamics in a special way. The innovative mid-engine concept and the vehicle body made from an aluminium/steel composite also drew lots of attention at its premiere. With its sophisticated overall concept, the ŠKODA 935 Dynamic demonstrated ŠKODA brand’s innovative power and engineering expertise in the design of groundbreaking one-off models.
The ŠKODA 935 Dynamic represents the progressive vehicle design of the 1930s. The teardrop or streamlined shape with the rapidly declining tail and the distinctive tail fin would improve stability at high speeds of up to 140 km/h, and the empty weight of the vehicle stands at only 1.170 kg. The ŠKODA 935 Dynamic is 4.86 meters long, 1.68 meters wide and 1.54 meters high. The long wheelbase of 3.20 meters and 1.25 (front) and 1.30 meters (rear) wide track emphasize its elegant appearance, and also allow space for up to five passengers. The spare wheel positioned horizontally in the boot serves as an additional bumper.
The brand’s innovative power in the 1930s is also demonstrated in the engine concept of the ŠKODA 935 Dynamic. The water-cooled, 40 kW (54 hp) four-cylinder boxer engine with a displacement of 1995 cm3 and two Zenith carburettors is located in the rear in front of the rear axle. The developers promised better dynamic response for uphill driving and fewer vibrations in the rear outer section. The passengers were also to be better protected from unpleasant odours and heat from the engine compartment. The drive force of the ŠKODA 935 Dynamic is transferred to the rear wheels via an electromagnetic, semi-automatic four-speed transmission from the French supplier ‘Cotal’. Another innovation came in the placement of the fuel tank, which is located in the support tube of the central tube frame with a capacity of 40 litres.
The vehicles presented as part of ŠKODA’s special exhibition in addition to the unique ŠKODA 935 created an arc from the automotive beginnings of the company up to ŠKODA’s luxury cars of the 1930s. The legendary Voiturette type A from 1905 was the first car built by ŠKODA’s founding fathers Laurin and Klement (L & K). A milestone in the early days of L & K automobile production was the open-top touring car Laurin & Klement type S, built in 1911. In the year 1925, L&K merged with the Plzen-based engineering company ŠKODA. It was also in that year that production began on the Laurin & Klement 110. The model featured the logo of both L&K and ŠKODA, and 3000 of them were built. In the 1930s, ŠKODA made a name for themselves producing prestigious luxury class vehicles. These were best represented at Schloss Bensberg by the ŠKODA Rapid Cabrio De Luxe built in 1937 and theŠKODA Superb OHV saloon, dating back to 1939.
In addition to their special exhibition, ŠKODA also raised the flag high during the ‘Rallye Historique’ at the ‘Schloss Bensberg Classics’, with three ŠKODA vintage cars takin part in the event on. The impressive ŠKODA 645 built in 1930 is among the outstanding representatives of ŠKODA’s prestigious touring saloons of the 1930s. Only 758 of the ŠKODA 645 were built between 1929 and 1934. The number 645 refers to the engine performance: The first digit ‘6’ indicates the number of cylinders, ’45’ stands for the horsepower.
ŠKODA’s trio in the Rallye Historique was rounded off by two iconic ŠKODAs built in the 1960s. The beautifully shaped convertible ŠKODA Felicia was a real crowd pleaser with its distinctive tail fins and balanced proportions. Almost 15,000 ŠKODA Felicias were produced between 1959 and 1964. The convertible is highly sought after among collectors. The same is true of the ŠKODA 1100 MBX – an elegant two-door model based on the ŠKODA 1000 MB. Only 2,517 of the 1100 MBX were produced between 1966 and 1969.
ŠKODA AUTO will be celebrating the company’s 120th anniversary this year, making the brand one of the longest established vehicle producers in the world. The roots of the company lie in 1895. 120 years ago, bicycle mechanic Václav Laurin and bookkeeper Václav Klement founded a bicycle-production company together (L&K) in Mladá Boleslav, Bohemia. Automobile manufacturing began in 1905: L&K’s first car was the ‘Voiturette A’. What Laurin and Klement began in 1895 has since grown into an internationally successful volume manufacturer with 7 model series and 35 model versions. Producing more than 17 million vehicles since 1905 proves the strength of the ŠKODA brand.
The ‘Schloss Bensberg Classics’ is one of the most exclusive events for historic cars. The main programme includes the star-studded Rallye Historique and a FIVA-A Concours d’Elegance with some of the most beautiful and rare classic automobiles in the world. The ‘Schloss Bensberg Classics’ is one of the events under the ‘Louis Vuitton Classic Concours Award’, and is thus on par with renowned competitions, such as Pebble Beach, California and Villa d’Este, Italy.