To Euro NCAP, ο οργανισμός ασφαλείας και δοκιμών πρόσκρουσης στην Ευρώπη, ανακοίνωσε ότι από το 2014, όσα αυτοκίνητα θα θέλουν να αποκτούν τα πολυπόθητα 5 αστέρια στις δοκιμές πρόσκρουσης του, θα πρέπει να εξοπλίζονται με το σύστημα αυτόματο φρεναρίσματος ΑΕΒ (Autonomous Emergency Braking), σαν αυτό που ανακοίνωσε πρόσφατα η Mazda. Αντίστοιχα συστήματα διαθέτουν ήδη τα μοντέλα της Ford, Mercedes-Benz, της Honda, της VW και της Volvo. Το σύστημα λειτουργεί συνήθως σε χαμηλές ταχύτητες και αρχικά ειδοποιεί τον οδηγό ότι επίκειται σύγκρουση και αν δεν αντιδράσει έγκαιρα αυτός, τότε ενεργοποιεί μόνο του τα φρένα ώστε να συμβάλει στην αποφυγή της συγκρούσης ή τουλάχιστον στην ελαχιστοποίηση των ζημιών.

Σύμφωνα με το Euro NCAP, το εν λόγω σύστημα σε πραγματικές συνθήκες, μπορεί να μειώσει τα ατυχήματα έως και 27%. Η Ευρωπαική Ένωση θέλει να μειώσει τα θανατηφόρα ατυχήματα που γίνονται στους δρόμους της κατά 50%, στις 15.000/χρόνο έως το 2020, με το Euro NCAP να πιστεύει ότι το σύστημα AEB, μόνο το 2011, έσωσε 8.000 ζωές. Μέχρι σήμερα τα αυτοκίνητα που διαθέτουν ένα τέτοιο σύστημα είναι μόλις το 21% από αυτά που πωλούνται στην Ευρώπη, και έως το 2014, πιστεύει ότι το ποσοστό αυτό θα αυξηθεί στο 79%, αφού θα λειτουργήσει ως αναγκαστικό μέτρο πίεσης στις αυτοκινητοβιομηχανίες, αν θέλουν το μοντέλο τους να πάρει τα 5 αστέρα ασφαλείας.

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[Πηγή: Euro NCAP]

Δελτίο Τύπου

Euro NCAP to drive availability of Autonomous Emergency Braking systems for safer cars in Europe

Brussels, 13 June 2012 – Euro NCAP today publishes the results of its survey on the availability of Autonomous Emergency Braking systems in Europe and reveals that the assessment programme will include AEB technologies in its star rating from 2014.

Real world performance data suggests AEB systems can reduce accidents by up to 27%. Although the introduction of these active safety technologies is reducing road deaths and injuries, the availability of AEB in Europe is far from standardized. A recent survey undertaken by Euro NCAP reveals that AEB is completely unavailable on 79% of the car models on sale in Europe and that 66% of manufacturers do not offer an AEB system on any of their new car models.

Autonomous Emergency Braking systems can help to avoid crashes or to mitigate their severity by warning the driver and supporting his braking response and/or by applying the brakes independently. The technology generally uses forward-looking radar, lidar and video systems to provide a complete, accurate, real-time image of the road ahead. Since 2010, several car manufacturers have been recognized for the safety benefits of their AEB systems through Euro NCAP Advanced rewards.

Euro NCAP finds that premium brands such as Volvo, Infiniti and Mercedes have the best levels of standard AEB fitment, and are joined by Jaguar, Range Rover, Audi and Lexus when optional fit is also considered. Cars in the Executive and Large Family categories have the highest level of availability, at least as an option. However, some volume sector manufacturers are showing that AEB can be offered as standard or as an affordable option on mass-market vehicles. Amongst others, Mazda, Ford, Honda and Volkswagen are selling AEB systems partly as standard or optional on some high-volume cars such as the Mazda CX-5, the Ford Focus, the Honda Civic and the VW up!. It is understood that Fiat will also make AEB a low-cost option on the new Panda in July 2012. AEB systems are increasingly being made available as cars are replaced by new or facelifted models, such as the Mercedes-Benz A-Class, the Ford Fiesta and Ford Kuga.

Michiel van Ratingen, Secretary General of Euro NCAP says ‘A faster penetration of these technologies into new cars will make it more realistic for the European Union to reach its target to cut road deaths by 50% by 2020. Consequently, Euro NCAP has decided to include AEB assessments as part of the overall star rating from 2014 onwards and hopes that European authorities will soon require AEB as mandatory on all new vehicle types.’

Since Euro NCAP published the first safety rating in 1997, considerable efforts have been made by car manufacturers, technology providers, authorities and road operators to make cars safer. Despite an important reduction of road deaths the past 15 years, in Europe today, over 30,000 people are still killed on the road and many more are injured every year. The inclusion of AEB systems in the Euro NCAP star rating will alert and encourage consumers to choose AEB when buying a new car as it will improve their safety, make a real difference and help them avoid or mitigate a crash.

Results of Euro NCAP’s AEB survey were released today at a major event organized for the 15th anniversary of the organization at the Autoworld in Brussels. Details on the survey are available on the Euro NCAP website.